Zhi Qu

wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter

Forschungsschwerpunkt Gesundheitsökonomie und Gesundheitspolitik


Telefon:  +49 (0)511-532-4451

Telefax:  +49 (0)511-532-5376

Mail: Qu.Zhi@mh-hannover.de


Research field
Clinical and epidemiological data analysis on organ transplantation
Organ allocation and distribution policies

CHERH: Health economics evaluation of German programs

Professional affiliation
Management Team of the Transplant Center
Institute of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health Systems Research



Peking University

  • Ph.D., Epidemiology and Health-statistics (2012-2015)
  • M.S.,  Epidemiology and Health-statistics (2009-2012)

North China Coal Medical College

  • B.Sc., Preventive Medicine (2004-2009)


Research Experience

Ph.D. Graduate Research

  • Systematic review of risk adjustment for medical quality indicators and development of inpatient-specific risk score with large database of discharge summary reports (2012-2015)

  • Risk adjustment scheme of in-hospital mortality was quite different in accordance with populations. The new risk score outperformed the existing administrative data in China
  • Methodology study of the active surveillance of adverse drug reaction  based on common data model in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patient (2013-2015)
  • A common data model for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients adverse drug reactions active surveillance was established and its validity and benefits is under evaluating
  • Building a comprehensive hospital evaluation framework based on hospitalization discharge summary report data (2012-2013)

M.S. Graduate Research 

  • Application of modified randomized response technique in substance dependence epidemiological survey (2010-2012)
  • Using of the improved randomized response technique in this investigation for youth substance abuse behavior has good reliability and validity



Zhi Qu (2013). Sensitive question investigating device. CN 201220130831/CN202694342 U
The utility comprises a plurality of question distribution devices and answer sheets corresponding to each question distribution device and a statistical device. The invention relates to the survey method, and more particularly to a method for investigating sensitive issues of investigative techniques.




Qu Z, Oedingen C, Bartling T, Schrem H, Krauth C (2024). Factors influencing deceased organ donation rates in OECD countries: a panel data analysis. BMJ Open 2024;14:e077765. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2023-077765

Qu Z (2023). Cautionary notes on the COVID-19 re-infection study. The Lancet, 402(10408), 1130-1131.

Qu Z (2023). International cooperation to end the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet, 401(10379), 820.

Qu Z, Oedingen C, Bartling T, Krauth C, Schrem H (2023). Systematic review on the involvement and engagement of patients as advisers for the organisation of organ transplantation services. BMJ Open 2023;13:e072091. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2023-072091

Qu Z, Schmelzle M (2023). UK liver transplantation allocation algorithm: transplant benefit score. The Lancet, 402(10399), 371.

Qu Z, Oedingen C, Bartling T, Beneke J, Zink M, Krauth C, & Schrem H (2021). Systematic review on potential brain dead donor estimations and conversion rates to actually realized organ donations. Transplantation Reviews, 100638.

Qu, D., Qiao, D. F., Klintschar, M., Qu, Z., & Yue, X. (2020). High-throughput 16S rDNA sequencing assisting in the detection of bacterial pathogen candidates: a fatal case of necrotizing fasciitis in a child. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 1-9.

Qu Z, Oedingen C, Bartling T, Schrem H, Krauth C (2020). Organ procurement and transplantation in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic. In The Lancet 396 (10260), p. 1395. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32213-3.

Gwiasda, J, Qu, Z, Schrem, H, Oldhafer, F, Winny, M, Klempnauer, J, ... & Kaltenborn, A. (2019). Prediction of survival after left-sided pancreatic resection for adenocarcinoma: Introduction of a new prognostic score. Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International.

Qu Z, Zhang S, Krauth C, Liu X. (2019). A systematic review of decision analytic modeling techniques for the economic evaluation of dental caries interventions. PloS one, 14(5), e0216921.

Homeyer RS, Roberts KJ,Sutcliffe RP, Kaltenborn A, Mirza D , Qu Z, Klempnauer J, Schrem H. Ventilation after pancreaticoduodenectomy increases perioperative mortality: Identification of risk factors and their relevance in Germany that do not apply in England, Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International (2019)

Qu Z, Krauth C, Amelung VE, Kaltenborn A, Gwiasda J, Harries L, Beneke J, Schrem H, Liersch S. Decision modelling for economic evaluation of liver transplantation. World journal of hepatology, 10(11), 837.

Harries L, Gwiasda J, Qu Z, Schrem H, Krauth C, Amelung VE (2018). Potential savings in the treatment pathway of liver transplantation: an inter-sectorial analysis of cost-rising factors. The European Journal of Health Economics

Qu Z, Gwiasda J, Schrem H, Kaltenborn A, Harries L, Beneke J, Amelung V, Krauth C (2018). Evaluation of published assessment tools for comorbidity in liver transplantation: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open 2018;8:e021181. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021181

Qu Z, Ling Q, Gwiasda J, Xu X, Schrem H, Beneke J, Kaltenborn A, Krauth C, Mix H, Klempnauer J, Emmanouilidis N (2018). Hangzhou criteria are more accurate than Milan criteria in predicting long-term survival after liver transplantation for HCC in Germany. Langenbeck's  Archives of Surgery doi.org/10.1007/s00423-018-1696-8

Qu Z, Zhao LP, Ma XM, et al. Building a Patient-Specific Risk Score with Large Database of Discharge Summary Reports. Med Sci Monit. 2016 Jun 19;22:2097-104.

Zhao LP, Chen XH, Wang JS, et al. Evolving Healthcare Quality in Top Tertiary General Hospitals in China during the China Healthcare Reform (2010-2012) from the Perspective of Inpatient Mortality. PloS one. 10(12):e0140568.

Zhang Y, Feng Y, Qu Z, et al. Current situation and challenge of registry in China. Front Med. 2014 Sep;8(3):294-9.

Zhou BY, Yan SY, Shi WL, et al. Serum proteomic analysis reveals high frequency of haptoglobin deficiency and elevated thyroxine level in heroin addicts. PLoS One, 9(4):e95345.

Li SX, Yan SY, Bao YP, et al. Depression and alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis function in male abstinent methamphetamine abusers. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2013 Sep;28(5): 477-83.

Bao YP, Liu ZM, Lian Z, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of HIV and HCV infection among amphetamine-type stimulant users in six provinces in China. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Aug 1;60(4):438-446.

Wu YF, Yan SY, Bao YP, et al. Cross-sectional study of the severity of self-reported depressive symptoms in heroin users who participate in a methadone maintenance treatment program. Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry, 2016, 28(1), 35-41.

Zhou CK, Qu Z, Ma W, et al. Avoidable Hospitalization: Concept and Implications. Chinese Health Quality Management. 2015,22(6):18-22. (in Chinese)

Sun L, Kong GL, Qu Z, et al. The Development of PATH and Its Potential Application in China. Chinese Healthcare Quality Management 2014,1(5): 4-7. (in Chinese)

Wang J, Ma XM, Yu GP, et al. Construction of Hospital Evaluation Framework Based on Hospitalization Summary Reports. Chinese Hospital Management. 2013,12(12): 45-48. (in Chinese)

Qu Z, Liu ZM. Application of Improved Randomized Response Technique in Epidemiological Survey on Cigarette Smoking Behavior among Middle School Students in Beijing. Chinese Journal of Drug Dependence. 2012,6(21):432-438. (in Chinese)

Qu Z, Liu ZM. Methcathinone and abuse controls. Chinese Journal of Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment. 2011,1(18):45-48. (in Chinese)


Conference Poster

Qu Z, Krauth C (2023). Rural-Urban Disparity in Mortality in Germany From 1999 to 2021. Das Gesundheitswesen 2023; 85(08/09): 815 - 815. doi:10.1055/s-0043-1770620

Harries L, Gwiasda J, Qu Z, Schrem H, Krauth C, Amelung VE (2018). "Potenzielle Kosteneinsparungen beim Behandlungsverlauf von Lebertransplantationen", Poster und Vortrag: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie, Hamburg

Hein J, Schrem H, Marcheel I, Stupak J, Qu Z, Gwiasda J, Kaltenborn A, Arelin V, Grannas G, Klempnauer J, Beneke J (2018). "Chronische Nierenerkrankungen nach primärer  Lebertransplantation", Poster: Integrierten Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrums Transplantation (IFB-Tx), Hannover

Qu Z, Zhao LP, Ma XM, Zhan SY (2014). A Novel Broadly Applicable Risk Score for Predicting Mortality of Patients with Circulatory System Diseases Within Hospitalization Duration. The International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research 6th Asia-Pacific Conference, Beijing, 2014; The 36th International Conference on Pharmacoepidemiology & Therapeutic Risk Management, Taipei, 2014